Agar wood (gaharu, aloe wood) is formed in a tropical evergreen tree called Agar tree (Aquilaria species) which is believed to have originated from Assam, India. Agarwood, both the oil and the wood, is derived from around 3 species of Aquilaria tree which grows, from the states of Eastern India through Burma, down through Thailand, Indochina and along the Malaya peninsula to Papua New Guinea and even Bornea.
Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine have used it as a natural sedative, aphrodisiac, digestive aid and pain reliever. Rich in antioxidants and anti inflammatory agents, agarwood oil reduces joint pain, treats acne and other skin irritations and even fights breast cancer. Agarwood oil is used in a boiled concoction to treat rheumatism and other body pain. It has been noted for its use as a complex ointment for smallpox and for various abdominal complaints. When used in aromatherapy, agarwood oil may help to treat anxiety, stress, depression and other nervous system disorders.
Agarwood is one of the most expensive non-timber wood products of the world. It has multidimensional uses in perfume, cosmetics and medicine sector. On the backdrop of huge cost and extreme rarity in the wild, the trees from which agarwood oil is obtained are now cultivated and the resin is actually created by artificial infection and its essential oil is extracted by water distillation. The agarwood oil is gaining widespread popularity on the backdrop of its manifold advantages offered by it.